Most universities are general universities offering a broad range of subjects such as humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, engineering and law. German universities are based on the principle of the unity of research and teaching: professors and lecturers do not only teach, but also conduct their own research. Undergraduate and doctoral students are often involved in projects and learn to work independently early on. An university degree does not only qualify students for work in a particular field, but also for a career in research.
Technology enthusiasts with an interest in scientific research will find ideal conditions at German technological universities or institutes of technology .They tend to focus on engineering and the natural sciences, but also offer medicine , business administration and economics. The nine largest institutes of technology have joined together to form the TU9 initiative.
Germany’s roughly 200 universities of applied sciences focus on the practical application of knowledge. Courses tend to be more rigidly structured than at a general university and enable students to gain not only theoretical knowledge, but also initial professional experience through practical placement in industry. Although universities of applied sciences offer a wide range of subjects, you cannot study medicine or law here. They also do not have the right to award doctorates.
Kunsthoschule (School 0f Art)
Students with artistic talent will find excellent academic conditions at the 50 state-recognized colleges of art , music and film. If you want to study at one of these colleges, often you will have to pass a demanding entrance exam first. The programmes themselves usually offer a great deal of freedom for students to focus on their artistic interests. German colleges of music are particularly popular among students from abroad.
Privathochschule (Private Schools)
The approximately 100 state-approved private institutions of higher education emphasize practical experience in their training of students. Small teaching groups, good contacts with industry and relatively short degree courses make these colleges and universities an interesting option. Tuition fees at private institutions lie between 1,800 and 4,700 Euros a semester
Mostly Bachelors courses are taught in German Medium
For those who want to study in Germany but prefer studying in English have very good opportunity to select the study program either in English or in German.
More and more universities offer study programs in English language. Especially in the Master- degree English programs are widespread. But many Bachelor-programs are offered in English as well. These are often called International studies or have the addition International in their title. The programs economy and social sciences, agriculture, tourism and other Bachelors in Arts are offered in English very often.
The study programs are not only hold in English language but also set value on international aspects and content.
For many international Students the study programs in English are a good opportunity to study in a different country and learn not only the national language in the free-time but also English during the studies. With these programs students that couldn’t visit a German language course before also get the chance to study in Germany. To study an English program it is normally not necessary to fulfill language requirements in German language.